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The Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, launched on May 10 Seven missiles Towards Jerusalem, carrying high-explosive warheads with a range of 120 kilometers (75 miles) in response to Israeli actions in Jerusalem, settler incursions into the Al-Aqsa Mosque and pressure on the residents of Sheikh Jarrah to leave their homes. Meanwhile, the Israeli army It reported that it had only intercepted one missile and was forced to evacuate the Knesset.
On the same night, central Israel was subjected to heavy bombardment since the start of the escalation, with Dozens of missiles Falling in Tel Aviv and Gush Dan, killing one person and wounding dozens and injuring the main oil tank.
On May 12, Hamas opened fire SH85 missiles At Tel Aviv and Ben Gurion Airport, it has a range of 85 kilometers (53 miles).
Mahmoud MardawiA member of the National Relations Office in Hamas and a former leader of the Al-Qassam Brigades told Al-Monitor that Hamas relies more on locally produced weapons than it had relied on in previous conflicts. With each new conflict, he said, “Hamas reveals more of its rockets and homemade rockets, which have proven their range, accuracy, ability to fire, and their destructive ability to be effective.” He claimed that Hamas combat and missile capabilities in 2021 had achieved a plus By 20 to 30 times compared to 2014. “This enabled it to launch an increasing number of missiles within a few minutes,” he said.
Saleh al-Arouri, deputy head of the Hamas political bureau, told Al-Aqsa on May 12, “Hamas has the power to Fighting for months on end With greater momentum than ever before, and the rockets fired by the Qassam Brigades in the current round of escalation are from their old inventory, as they have not been used yet [missiles]. “
An official in the Palestinian armed wing, who refused to reveal his name or the faction he belongs to, told Al-Monitor: [some] Arab countries Work continuously to thwart the smuggling routes of resistance weapons Starting from IranIt passes through the Red Sea and the Sinai Peninsula and ends up in the Gaza Strip, as well as through Sudan and Libya. ”(“ Resistance ”here refers to the Palestinian armed groups fighting Israel).
He added, “There are two reasons why Hamas rockets hit its Israeli targets accurately this time. The first is the launching of dozens of rockets simultaneously, and the second is the use of guided missiles to hit high Israeli buildings.”
Citing Israeli Israeli intelligence estimates The Jerusalem Post On May 11 he wrote, “Hamas has dozens of rockets with a range of 100 to 160 kilometers [62-99 miles], Which could cover most of the country as far as Haifa and as far north. “
According to the newspaper, it is believed that Hamas possesses hundreds of missiles with a range of 70-80 kilometers (43-50 miles), which can hit three important targets, namely Tel Aviv and the surrounding cities, Ben Gurion Airport. And Jerusalem.
According to estimates, Hamas also possesses missiles that could reach large cities on the coast and in the center of the country, including Rishon LeZion, Rehovot, and Beit Shemesh.
The newspaper continued that Hamas’s large arsenal of 5,000 to 6,000 missiles with a range of 40-45 kilometers (25-28 miles) could reach Beersheba, Ashdod in the south, Ashkelon and the entire Gaza corridor.
According to the newspaper, Hamas also possesses a wide range of thousands of mortar shells that can hit Israeli villages along the Gaza border.
Wassef ErekatA former commander of an artillery unit in the Palestine Liberation Organization told Al-Monitor that the intensity of rocket attacks during the current conflict indicates that it is ready for a “long-term battle.” He said that the militant group was using missiles of different lengths in an attempt to circumvent the Israeli Iron Dome defense system, which he claimed showed “technical flaws” based on Hamas’s ability to bypass it with some missiles.
“The locally manufactured Hamas missiles do not comply with international standards, because they lack an air guidance system,” he added.
Hamas began to develop Missile industry 2001. The first missile – the Qassam 1 – was launched at Sderot with a range of 2-3 kilometers (1.2-1.9 miles) and a limited explosive warhead. In the following years, the most advanced Qassam missiles appeared, with a range of 17 kilometers (10 miles).
distance Israeli withdrawal From Gaza in 2005, Hamas had more room to manufacture rockets, and many of its missile systems were tried during Wars For 2008, 2012 and 2014, including The M75 missile With a range of 75 kilometers (109 miles), it was first launched in 2012.
During the 2014 war, Hamas fired several rockets, including the Sejjil missileReached Lod with a range of 55 kilometers (34 miles) The J80 missile It was launched towards Tel Aviv with a range of 80 km (50 miles) and R160 Rocket Haifa was hit with a range of 160 km.
Rami Abu ZubaydahA Palestinian military expert and writer for Al-Jazeera told Al-Monitor, “Hamas’s development of missiles is not only limited to their range, it also affects the density of the missiles. The movement is not able to launch multiple rockets of destructive power simultaneously.”
“Hamas often relies on its own efforts,” he noted [to develop] Missiles with occasional recourse to Iranian technical expertise. Hamas has a missile manufacturing and development unit that includes teams of engineers. It expected an Israeli response to its missile attacks, but it is engaged in the military round in a calm and balanced manner and with calculated tactics, and it is also undergoing qualitative surprises in its missile capacity. “
Hamas has a number of engineers involved in developing its missile arsenal. One of them was the beauty of butter Assassinated by Israel On May 12 in the Gaza Strip. He was a lecturer at the Islamic University in the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
Fadi al-Batsh, an EngineerHe was also assassinated by the Mossad in Malaysia in 2018. He was one of the engineers who attempted to develop a Hamas missile system to evade Israeli anti-missile systems such as Iron Dome.
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