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Under increasing international pressure, Israel and Hamas are reportedly moving toward a ceasefire that could end The deadliest conflict since the 2014 war. But the history of Israeli-Palestinian hostilities is replete with agreements that failed to resolve core conflicts.
The previous ceasefire between Israel and Hamas, the armed group that rules the Gaza Strip, usually passed in stages, beginning with an agreement that each side would stop attacking the other, a dynamic that the Israelis call “calm versus calm.”
This means that Hamas stops its rocket attacks on Israel and Israel stops its bombing of Gaza.
Pauses in the fighting usually follow other steps: Israel eases its blockade of Gaza to allow in humanitarian relief, fuel and other goods. Hamas restrains the demonstrators and allied armed groups attacking Israel; The two sides exchanged prisoners of war or dead in the battles. So far, this time, Israel has not used ground forces in Gaza.
But the bigger challenges – such as a more comprehensive rehabilitation of the Gaza Strip and improving relations between Israel, Hamas and Fatah, the Palestinian side that controls the West Bank – have remained elusive during the past several rounds of violence.
There is rebuilding after every cycle of violence, usually with help from the United Nations, the European Union and Qatar, but without lasting peace, rebuilding is always risky.
despite of Heavy losses among Palestinian civilians And the massive damage to homes, schools and medical facilities in Gaza, the current conflict was more limited than the wars launched by Israel and Hamas in 2008 and 2014, when Israeli forces entered Gaza. In previous conflicts, heavy fighting erupted in the days before and after the ceasefire as both sides sought to deliver decisive blows.
In July 2014, six days after the Israeli army began bombing Gaza, Egypt proposed a ceasefire that Israel agreed to. However, Hamas said it had not met any of its demands, and the cycle of Israeli rocket attacks and air strikes resumed after less than 24 hours.
Egypt announced another ceasefire two days later, but then Israel sent tanks and ground forces and began firing into Gaza from the sea, saying its goal was to destroy tunnels that Hamas used to carry out attacks. Over the next few weeks, Israeli forces periodically paused their attacks to allow humanitarian aid, but the fighting continued.
In all, Nine truces came and went Before the end of the 2014 conflict, 51 days later, more than 2,000 Palestinians and more than 70 Israelis were killed.
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