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What is cardiac arrest and how is it different from heart attacks – Credihealth blog


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Both heart attacks and cardiac arrest are serious heart conditions that can mean a person’s life is in danger. However, while heart attack and cardiac arrest are often used interchangeably and can be related, the two conditions are completely different.

A Closer Look at a Heart Attack

Anyway acute cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction) is a problem with the circulation of oxygenated blood to all vital parts of the heart. Without proper blood flow, the affected area of ​​the heart can quickly collapse and tissue can die. A heart attack can have several basic mechanisms of action. Even more remarkable, a heart attack can develop slowly over days or even weeks, but it can also occur with little or no warning.

First, the congestion of arteries can block blood flow. The arteries that supply blood to and through the heart can accumulate body fat over time due to the build-up of cholesterol. The fatty deposits cause white blood cells to collect in this area, and in turn, plaque begins to form. Over time, the accumulation of body fat and white blood cells leads to narrowing of the arteries or coronary artery disease (CHD). If blood flow is severely restricted or stopped due to coronary artery disease, a heart attack may occur. Another cause of a heart attack is severe spasm or contraction of the heart muscle, which interrupts the flow of oxygen-rich blood to parts of the heart.

Signs and symptoms of a heart attack

The person could potentially be in the midst of a heart attack and still be responsive. Their heart may actually still be partially functioning and beating… Therefore, the signs of a heart attack may not always be so obvious. Here are some of the symptoms or signs of a heart attack:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
  • Cold sweat
  • Abdominal pain, indigestion, heartburn, or nausea
  • Feeling of pressure, pain, tightness, or pain in your chest, neck, arms, back, or jaw

It should also be noted that the symptoms of a heart attack can vary greatly from person to person. Women are often more likely to experience things like stomach pain, weakness, and swelling of the legs or ankles during a heart attack.

What to do if someone has a heart attack

If you are around someone who you suspect is having a heart attack, it is vital to act quickly. The longer the heart is left without proper blood flow, the more damage can be done. Remember these tips:

  • Get help by dialing 9-1-1 immediately.
  • Help the person in a pose while you wait for help to arrive.
  • Continue talking to the person and watch their breathing.

If the person stops breathing or suddenly stops responding to symptoms of a heart attack, start CPR immediately and use an automatic external defibrillator (AED) as soon as possible, if you have one. This is usually a sign of sudden cardiac arrest.

A closer look at cardiac arrest

Heart failure caused by a malfunction of the heart’s electrical system, which causes the heart to suddenly stop functioning. This condition usually causes cardiac arrest, which means that oxygen and blood cannot be pumped to the rest of vital organs such as the lungs and brain.

Although the causes of sudden cardiac arrest can vary, some level of arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythm) is usually to blame. In some cases, the arrhythmia is caused by a heart attack, but not always; several other conditions can lead to abnormal heart rhythms, such as an enlarged heart or a heart defect. Without immediate intervention, a person experiencing sudden cardiac arrest can die in just a few minutes.

Signs and symptoms of cardiac arrest

Unlike a heart attack, which may or may not offer sudden or overt symptoms, cardiac arrest can cause immediate and very noticeable symptoms such as:

  • Loss of consciousness
  • No breath
  • Lack of pulse
  • Sudden collapse

Just before a heart attack, people may also experience symptoms similar to a heart attack, such as:

  • Chest pain
  • Heart palpitations
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath

Unfortunately, cardiac arrest does not always cause any warning symptoms, or the symptoms are so brief that the person does not have time to acknowledge or verbalize that something is wrong.

What to do if someone has cardiac arrest

When cardiac arrest occurs, everything in the human body is deprived of the oxygen and blood it needs to survive. Prompt life-saving assistance can be critical. If you suspect someone is in cardiac arrest:

  • Call 9-1-1 service immediately
  • Begin CPR with chest compressions (at least 100 compressions per minute).
  • Use a portable AED whenever possible.

AEDs are now more accessible than ever in many public places. A device like Defibtech Lifeline View AED guides you step by step through the heart discharge process to restart the organ. Every minute after cardiac arrest without intervention can reduce a person’s survival rate by 7-10 percent. American Heart Association

Minutes after a heart attack or cardiac arrest

Whether a person is suffering from a heart attack or cardiac arrest, it is very important to act quickly. Although cardiac arrest can be more serious, a heart attack can lead to cardiac arrest. To make sure you know what to do during a heart attack, be sure to familiarize yourself with the basics of CPR and using a portable AED device.

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