The resolution requires the Taliban to honor its commitment to release people from Afghanistan.
The UN Security Council passed a resolution demanding the Taliban honor their commitment to release people from Afghanistan, but the measure did not include a “safe zone” called by French President Emmanuel Macron.
The resolution — drafted by the United States, the United Kingdom and France — passed Monday with 13 votes in favor and no objections. China and Russia abstained.
The resolution said the council expects the Taliban to allow a “safe, secure and orderly exit from Afghanistan of Afghans and all foreign nationals.”
“The Security Council expects the Taliban to fulfill their commitment to facilitate safe passage for Afghans and foreigners seeking to leave Afghanistan today and in the future,” Linda Thomas-Greenfield, the US ambassador to the UN, said in a news release. conference shortly after the resolution was adopted.
The resolution refers to an Aug. 27 statement by the Taliban in which the group said Afghans can travel abroad and leave Afghanistan whenever they want, including through any border crossing, both by air and ground.
The Security Council “expects the Taliban to abide by these and all other commitments,” the resolution said.
Macron had raised hopes for more concrete proposals in comments published this weekend in the Journal du Dimanche.
He said Paris and London would table a draft resolution seeking “under UN control to define a ‘safe zone’ in Kabul, through which humanitarian operations can continue,” Macron said.
“I have every confidence that it will work. I don’t see anyone against securing humanitarian projects,” he said.
But the UN resolution on the table is much less ambitious. It is not clear whether another resolution proposing a “safe zone” will be circulated at a later date.
Experts said the text was toned down to ensure China and Russia would not use their vetoes to block it, including softening some of the language related to the Taliban.
“This is quite thin text,” said Richard Gowan, UN expert at the International Crisis Group.
“Macron was guilty this weekend of overselling the idea of a safe zone at Kabul airport, or at least not communicating very clearly,” Gowan told AFP news agency.
“The resolution at least sends a political signal to the Taliban about the need to keep the airport open and help the UN deliver aid,” he added.
The text calls on the Taliban to grant “full, secure and unimpeded access” to the UN and other agencies to provide humanitarian aid.
It also “reaffirms the importance” of upholding human rights, including children, women and minorities, and encourages all parties to strive for an inclusive, negotiated political settlement with the “full, equal and meaningful representation of women.” “.
The text also calls for Afghanistan “not to be used to threaten or attack any country, or to harbor or train terrorists, or to plan or fund terrorist acts.”
The resolution comes as international efforts to fly foreigners and vulnerable Afghans out of the country come to an end after the Taliban returned to power on August 15 and the US withdrew from the country after 20 years.
France ended its evacuation efforts on Friday and the UK followed suit on Saturday.
US forces are scrambling under dangerous and chaotic conditions to complete a massive evacuation operation from Kabul airport by Tuesday’s deadline.