Stay true to the pledge made on aid to the most vulnerable countries and reaffirm the collective commitment to keep global temperature rise within the safest and most ambitious threshold of 1.5 degrees compared to pre-industrial levels. level. These are the messages from the Milan Pre-Cop, the meeting between fifty environment ministers which took place between Thursday and Saturday 2 October. The summit closes with signs of openness from China and more could not be wished for. It’s up to the G20 at the end of the month in Rome to try and raise the bar again, ahead of the Cop26 to be held in Glasgow in November, hosted by the UK and Italy. The UN conference on the environment is considered by many to be the last chance for climate change, even though US envoy John Kerry invited us on Saturday, October 2, to consider it “the starting line of the race of the century and of this decade”.
China ‘opens up’ on cutting emissions
In the latest press conference, the chairman of the Cop26, Britain’s Alok Sharma and Ecological Transition Minister Roberto Cingolani stressed that Beijing showed a different sensitivity during the work than the G20 of Environment in Naples in July. China is the first country in the world to emit CO2 and is heavily dependent on coal. It was recently agreed to turn off the tap on power plant projects abroad. “All governments have said they want COP26 to be a success. There is a general recognition that climate change knows no borders,” Sharma said. “Since the end of July, the sense of urgency has increased enormously,” Cingolani said. In August, the UN’s Scientific Committee on Climate Change (IPCC) denounced that, without drastic changes, average temperatures will rise by 1.5 degrees in the next two decades and by the end of the century there is a risk of global warming. 2 degrees are exceeded.
Kerry: aim to keep the temperature below 1.5 degrees
According to the US special envoy for climate, Kerry, there is still the opportunity to make “huge progress” in the 28 days remaining before the conference in Glasgow. Kerry called on all G20 countries to do more. The US, EU, UK, Canada and Japan have pledged to meet the 1.5 degree target and “India is on the right track,” he said. And about China, which remains one of the biggest questions, he said: «I don’t want to point fingers with anyone, we work with the Chinese counterpart, we speak often, we have positive relations. I hope we can reach agreement with China. But I think all G20 countries, big and small, should do their part ». Kerry went on to emphasize that the goal is to limit global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees: “The 2015 Paris agreement sets the target well below two degrees. Far below does not mean 1.9 degrees, nor does it mean 1.8 degrees. It is not politics or ideology. Science and common sense tell us to keep the increase in temps as low as possible ».
Cingolani: “We want a more reasonable price for gas”
Then there is the chapter on aiding the most vulnerable countries in the face of climate change, the social justice issue that was strongly raised by the Yputh4Climate youth conference, which preceded the Pre-Cop. Advanced economies had promised $100 billion a year, but are failing to deliver on that promise. “In Glasgow, we will have to put together a plan to pay these amounts by 2025,” Sharma said. Objective also underlined by the Vice-President of the European Commission, Frans Timmermans. Speaking of the increase in energy bills, which threatens to complicate EU plans for the energy transition, Cingolani said: “We hope that after the first quarter of 2022 there will be new international balance sheets, new pipelines will be opened and that we will therefore be able to will be to get a reasonable price for gas, but we remain committed to the roadmap to get rid of the gas, which requires investment in renewable energy sources and also in the energy mix ».