The UAE wins membership of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Committee

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Yesterday, the UAE candidate won, adviser Dr. Muhammad Al Kamali, Director General of the Judicial Training Institute of the Ministry of Justice, membership of the International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Committee at the elections held in the Swiss capital, Bern. And Dr. Al-Kamali was voted out of 54 out of 58 countries that participated in the vote.

The International Humanitarian Fact-Finding Committee was established in 1991. Its membership includes 76 countries, including most of the members of the Security Council. The United Arab Emirates joined the Committee on 6 March 1992.

Each Member State may nominate one person for membership of the Committee, and these Member States shall elect fifteen members of the Committee every five years by secret ballot, in which the winning names which have received the most votes shall be made public. The members, including the President and his deputies, are elected by secret ballot.

The Commission’s main purpose is to ensure respect for international humanitarian law, which is to protect the guarantees given to victims of armed conflict, as Article 90 of Additional Protocol I to the 1949 Geneva Convention provided for the establishment of an International Commission of Inquiry. , which is a permanent commission consisting of 15 members, which includes independent experts. In their personal capacity, they are designated by their respective States and selected from among those who have submitted a declaration of recognition to the Commission in accordance with Article 90 of Additional Protocol I.

Each State acceding to the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol I has the right to recognize in writing the competence of the Commission by means of a declaration deposited with the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs as the Commission’s Secretariat, and then it may return to it. to examine the facts of cases of armed conflict, provided that the other Party has also recognized the competence of the Commission.

The Commission is considered as an investigative body and not a court or a judicial body. It does not issue court rulings, but instead submits reports on verified facts and recommendations to the parties. The Committee may not make its findings public unless the parties to the dispute so request.

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